The researchers have found a way that may lead to a successful indication of a stroke. They have succeeded in identifying a heart condition that usually leads to stroke in several cases.
AF or Atrial Fibrillation is considered as one of the most common disturbances in the rhythm of heartbeat that affect around 1.6 million people in the UK. However, it is detected in a person after he or she has a stroke. Hence, the British Heart Foundation mentioned the latest research may lead to successful detection of the rhythmic disturbance, leading to a proper treatment well before the ailment takes a huge shape.
Currently, ECG or Electrocardiogram is used to monitor the patients for AF or Atrial Fibrillation. Usually, this device is used to identify the electric activity of the heart and an abnormal condition.
Hence, the research was targeted to identify the 2 biomarkers and 3 clinical risk factors which are believed to have a strong link with Atrial Fibrillation. The researchers from the University of Birmingham mentioned that the males who were either old or having higher BMI are prone to this cardiac condition.
The research was conducted on the records of 638 patients who were admitted to the hospitals for acute illness from 2014 to 2016. They gathered the blood samples to identify the 40 biomarkers and matched with 7 clinical risk factors like heart failure, sex, age, hypertension, transient ischemic attack or history of stroke in the family, Body Mass Index or BMI, and kidney function.
Among the aforementioned factors, they have shortlisted two factors that have a link with Atrial Fibrillation. The study was further confirmed with an echocardiogram. These two factors are the growth of a protein responsible for the regulation of phosphate known as fibroblast growth factor-23 or FGF-23 and the secretion of a hormone named BNP or brain natriuretic peptide secreted by heart.